Once considered one of the "largest ships" in the United States, along with American, Delta and United, it was very innovative and successful, having developed into the second largest airline in the world during the sixteenth decade.
Aviation, established on September 15, 1927, an email service was inaugurated next year between Brunswick, New Jersey and Atlanta with PA-5 Mailwings open to the cockpit.
But North American Aviation, a holding company of several operators And aircraft manufacturers, acquired the company a year later, and changed its name to the East Air Transport, began its passenger service with Ford 4-AT Trimotors on the multi-sector segment Hop from Newark to Washington via Camden, Baltimore, Washington and Richmond on August 18, 1930. The acquisition of Condor Condor allowed it to expand the route to Atlanta.
After the Ludington Air Line absorption three years later, New York, Philadelphia and Washington to its system.
The growth of the East, like that of many other suppliers, was triggered by the 1934 Air Mail Act, which entailed the award of government contracts to private companies for postal transport, Based on the offer they submitted in competition with others. While this has prompted the establishment of upstart companies to run the air mail routes in the hope of being chosen, it is usually required for the separation of common aircraft sharing and then co-carrier.
With the imposition of the restrictions imposed on it as a result of the loot convention with General Postmaster Walter Volger Brown, Easter Air changed its name in 1934 to that of its East Air Lines history.
Captain Eddie Rickenbacker, World War I Flying Ace who won the Congressional Medal of Congress, acquired the carrier of North America Aviation Holding for $ 800 000 and took over the steering wheel, implementing the aircraft modernization program.
Building the famous Great Silver Fleet Soon, it quickly replaced Curtis Condor's slow duel with all the metal Douglas DC-2s, one of which became the first landing at the new airport in Washington in 1941. Leaves its mark on the Far East network of The East Coast, the east, delineated the sector of New York-Miami with a larger cell, D-G. Thirteen passengers in 1937.
Like many American airlines, which development was interrupted by the need for World War The second imposed on it, the requirement of its aircraft for military purposes, East undertook its own military support flights in 1942, connecting the three states of Florida, Pennsylvania, Texas, to distribute The wings to Trinidad in the Caribbean, and its very creation of an army division based in Miami, which won the Curtiss C-46 Commando.
His seeding seed, a three-city north-east ferry planted two years later when the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) awarded him the New York, Boston over America.
The technological advances of the 1950s, expressed in range, charge, speed, comfort, and safety, occurred so rapidly that when a plane was produced, a replacement was already on the drawing board.
A DC-4 square engine soon completed its 39-engine DC-3, and its network now encompassed Detroit, St. Louis, and San Juan, Puerto Rico.
The Lockheed L-649, which was inaugurated in 1947, surrendered to the constellation L-1049 Super-Constant, which stretched along the signature route in New York-Miami on December 17, 1951. Martin 4-0-4 replaced DC- 3s and in the middle of the decade, the first DC-7Bs filtered eastern of the business.
The acquisition of the colonial airline gave it access to New York, New England, Canada, Bermuda and Mexico City.
The Propjet took the form of four Lockheed L-188 Electra vehicles, inaugurated on January 12, 1959 between New York and Miami, and the pure four-wheel-drive Douglas DC-8 engine only a year later, But the cruising speed is higher than Boeing 720.
East was the first of the four largest US carriers to run the 727-100 Triangle Jet "Whisperliner", especially on the Philadelphia-Washington-Miami run – and the DC- The famous hour "New York-Boston-Washington" was launched on April 30, 1961 with Electra L-188, which advised: "There is no need for an invitation. We promise a seat for everyone waiting for the planned departure date. "
One-way fares in one direction were $ 69.00 for Boston and $ 42 for Washington, while round-trip weekend prices were $ 55.00 for adults and $ 37 for children.
The shuttle was eventually operated by a DC- 30, 727-200 and A-300.
Breaking the East Coast Handcuffs In late 1960, it expanded to Seattle and Los Angeles on the West Coast, to Nassau and Freeport in the Bahamas with the acquisition of Mackey Airways, and to some islands After the acquisition of the Caribair
he transferred the torch to another famous airline, Captain Eddie Riekbacher completed command of Colonel Frank Bormann, who buried the earth in the seventh twin in 1966 and the moon in Apollo, Two years later.
The East entered the widebody era with Lockheed L-1011-1 TriStar in 1972, became the first US carrier to operate the Airbus Industrie A-300 aerobics in 1978 when he ordered 23, and was the customer launch of the Boeing 757
After acquiring the American Latino routes of Barnif International in 1982 and establishing a center in San Juan, he became the world's second largest passenger in terms of annual travelers after Aeroflot, establishing hubs in New York, Charlotte, Atlanta, Miami, San Juan and toting Its "We need to earn our daily wings" slogan.
But, although it may have earned wings, it does not have to earn the profits to support their lift. The debt from the acquisition of aircraft required for expansion and labor disputes required the purchase of $ 615 million by Texas Air Holdings, also owned by Continental in 1986, and the East became a fodder fodder. Aircraft were sold. The workers were laid off. The assets were transferred to Continental. And its image quickly deteriorated, especially when it was actually canceled in the flight service to reduce costs.
Declaring bankruptcy in 1989 and ending their activities Two years later, on January 19, the one-time "one-man wings" became the deregulation of Icarus after a flight of six flights.